Machine Learning Operations (MLOps) is an engineering discipline that aims to unify ML techniques development (dev) and ML techniques deployment (was) to standardize and simplify the production of high-performance models in operational conditions.
Its theoretical basis is primarily motivated by building highly competent systems for complex problem-solving in operational settings.
It strives to achieve these goals through the use of sophisticated models and control systems. With that, the machine learning process is usually to enhance the DevOps process.
The machine learning operations approach aims to make a system more effective by allowing it to take on and deal with the complexity of changing organizational and situational requirements.
By way of an empirical approach, it aims to provide a concrete set of rules or assumptions to the model development process, which can be altered during the lifecycle of the final product. Discover this info here to learn more about MLOps.
Why Are Businesses Using MLOps?
The key benefit of Machine Learning Operations is its ability to scale models to larger versions while still maintaining the quality and efficiency of the initial versions.
By enabling teams to share different models without compromising the quality, the impact of MLOps can be far-reaching.
- Save Money On Hiring
Moreover, the value of an MLOps can also be seen in the number of models deployed in any organization. With one model, there’s no need to hire additional personnel to oversee the development of new versions. A large part of the operational cost can be saved since there’s no need to purchase other hardware and software tools for deploying model versions.
- Allows Connectivity
In addition, MLOps can enable distributed teams of employees to work together on common deployment models. For example, an ERP solution can easily be implemented using machine learning, reducing deployment time and expense. Also, the collection of data and the training of new models can be done separately on each department or team. Working together on common deployment models enables all departments to share and process the data faster and more efficiently.
- Increase Productivity
Another benefit of deploying MLOps is evident from the increase in productivity. Many studies have shown that the productivity of data scientists and machine learning engineers has significantly increased due to the implementation of machine learning technologies. Also, machine learning drives innovation and change within the organization.
The increase in productivity is evident during the deployment of the machine learning models and after the models have been implemented. The efficiency of deploying models has also improved over time as machine learning engineers become better at developing new models.
What Are The Challenges Of Using MLOps?
Although using MLOps has many benefits, there are also some difficulties involved in using this method.
Some of the challenges include:
- Deployment and automation
- Monitoring and management
With these difficulties, some organizations fail to deliver their prototype and produce their product successfully.
There’s also a difficulty in bridging the gap between data scientists, the IT team that maintains the infrastructures, and the engineers who develop and deploy machine learning applications.
How To Overcome Challenges When Using MLOps?
To improve the efficiency of using MLOps, you should overcome the challenges stated above. These tips will help your business become more efficient in delivering products by using the MLOps method:
- Proper Planning
Implementing an efficient MLOps requires proper planning. A solid and efficient machine learning management program should answer the following questions:
- Who’ll be responsible for the performance and maintenance of machine learning models?
- How to update the machine learning models?
- Who’s responsible for creating action plans when there’s deterioration in the model’s performance?
- What are the performance metrics to be measured when developing and selecting models? What levels are acceptable to the business?
- How will the models be monitored and audited?
These questions should be answered across the machine learning lifecycle.
Everyone on the team needs to be involved in working and answering these questions. If you don’t plan to answer these critical questions, MLOps won’t be efficient nor will it produce your desired results.
- Ensure Collaboration
Since bridging the gap between working teams is one of the significant challenges in implementing an efficient MLOps strategy, it’s essential to ensure collaboration between the data scientists, IT, and engineers. One of the best things to do is to create a hybrid team.
A data scientist alone cannot work on achieving the goals of MLOps.
That’s why they must collaborate with the IT and engineers who work on the infrastructure and the applications involved in MLOps.
Building a hybrid team ensures that these people, who have the necessary skills to make the MLOps successful, will work together in providing the desired results of the project.
- Create Machine Learning Pipelines
To ensure the efficiency of MLOps, you should create machine learning pipelines.
A machine learning pipeline allows developers and software engineers to develop new machine learning models rapidly and then feed them into a production environment.
A well-designed machine learning pipeline will ensure reliability and throughput.
Subsequently, sub-tasks can be encapsulated within the pipeline as a series of discrete steps.
- Continue Monitoring Operations
Machine learning requires keeping a close eye on the operations. This is because machine learning uses mathematical functions that require constant monitoring.
Doing so ensures that the process is operating within regulation and that the programs are returning quality information.
You also need to retain data periodically to determine when critical collaboration between the teams is required.
It’s crucial to manage and monitor both controllable and uncontrollable factors like errors and traffic.
- Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment
Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment are critical to ensure the efficiency of MLOps.
This process ensures that the newly added code and data to start automated development and testing are accurate and correct.
Without the continuous integration and deployment process, data scientists will spend a significant amount of time creating manual and ad-hoc models.
Utilizing machine learning operations in the DevOps process provides benefits to a business working on software development projects. However, when the process isn’t implemented correctly, companies will face several challenges that won’t make the process efficient.
To ensure the efficiency of the operations, careful planning is required.
Aside from that, a collaboration between data scientists, IT staff, and engineers is also critical. They need to work together to ensure that the process is appropriately executed for each step.
Creating machine learning pipelines will also provide the reliability of the outputs.
Lastly, continuous monitoring, integration, and deployment are critical to ensure the accuracy of the data and to check for errors and other issues with traffic.